Gaia-X facilitates the interlinking of all participants in the digital economy – in accordance with European values and standards. For the portability, interoperability and interconnection of the infrastructure, the applications and the data, a set of policy rules and an architecture of standards is defined.
What the standards enable:
Interoperability between different data nodes
User-friendly service opportunities
Exchangeability among different service providers in a sovereign data market
And the collaboration and data exchange between edge instances and cloud instances.
Gaia-X standards are entirely based on existing standards for data and sovereignty as well as applicable infrastructure components. They include the following:
- Regulatory standards: This relates specifically to legal and regulatory standards set in a particular jurisdiction.
- Industry specific standards: Industry groups have been working on the definition of vertical ontologies and application programming interfaces; depending on specific privacy rules or business criticality specific industry compliance rules may be defined.
- Technical standards: interoperability across providers requires a level of standardization across different technical building blocks.
The Technical Committee is continuously working on the Gaia-X standards as well as the Policy Rules Committee on the Gaia-X Policies and Rules. In doing so, the two bodies consult with other bodies - both on the user and provider side. All these activities are subject to ongoing consultations with relevant bodies outside the EU, such as ETSI, the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) as the main European Standardisation Organisations (ESOs). The status is published regularly.
All services that are later registered within the Gaia-X ecosystem must comply with its policies and rules. To be part of Gaia-X, companies must follow them.